Water Science & TechnologyWST Vol 59 No 6 pp 11451151 © IWA Publishing 2009 doi:10.2166/wst.2009.098
Nowcasting of rainfall and of combined sewage flow in urban drainage systems
Stefan Achleitner, Stefan Fach, Thomas Einfalt and Wolfgang Rauch
Unit of Environmental Engineering, Institute of Infrastructure, University of Innsbruck, Technikerstr. 13, Innsbruck A-6020, Austria E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
alpSCentre for Natural Hazard and Risk Management, Grabenweg 3, Innsbruck A-6020, Austria E-mail: email@example.com
Hydro & meteo GmbH&Co.KG, Breite Str. 6-8, Lübeck D-23552, Germany E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Nowcasting of rainfall may be used additionally to online rain measurements to optimize the operation of urban drainage systems. Uncertainties quoted for the rain volume are in the range of 5% to 10% mean square error (MSE), where for rain intensities 45% to 75% MSE are noted. For larger forecast periods up to 3 hours, the uncertainties will increase up to some hundred percents. Combined with the growing number of real time control concepts in sewer systems, rainfall forecast is used more and more in urban drainage systems. Therefore it is of interest how the uncertainties influence the final evaluation of a defined objective function. Uncertainty levels associated with the forecast itself are not necessarily transferable to resulting uncertainties in the catchment's flow dynamics. The aim of this paper is to analyse forecasts of rainfall and specific sewer output variables. For this study the combined sewer system of the city of Linz in the northern part of Austria located on the Danube has been selected. The city itself represents a total area of 96 km2 with 39 municipalities connected.
It was found that the available weather radar data leads to large deviations in the forecast for precipitation at forecast horizons larger than 90 minutes. The same is true for sewer variables such a CSO overflow for small sub-catchments. Although the results improve for larger spatial scales, acceptable levels at forecast horizons larger than 90 minutes are not reached.
Keywords: CITY DRAIN; forecast; nowcasting; rainfall; runoff; uncertainty
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