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Hydrology Research Vol 42 No 6 pp 491–502 © IWA Publishing 2011 doi:10.2166/nh.2011.020

Estimating daily pan evaporation from climatic data of the State of Illinois, USA using adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) and artificial neural network (ANN)

J. Shiri, W. Dierickx, A. Pour-Ali Baba, S. Neamati and M. A. Ghorbani

Department of Water Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran E-mail: j_shiri2005@yahoo.com
Geraardsbergsesteenweg 18, 9860 Oosterzele, Belgium
MSc Student of Agronomy, Islamic Azad University, Myaneh Branch, Iran


Evaporation is a major component of the hydrological cycle. It is an important aspect of water resource engineering and management, and in estimating the water budget of irrigation schemes. The current work presents the application of adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) and artificial neural network (ANN) approaches for modeling daily pan evaporation using daily climatic parameters. The neuro-fuzzy and neural network models are trained and tested using the data of three weather stations from different geographical positions in the U.S. State of Illinois. Daily meteorological variables such as air temperature, solar radiation, wind speed, relative humidity, surface soil temperature and total rainfall for three years (August 2005 to September 2008) were used for training and testing the employed models. Statistic parameters such as the coefficient of determination (R2), the root mean squared error (RMSE), the variance accounted for (VAF), the adjusted coefficient of efficiency (E1) and the adjusted index of agreement (d1) are used to evaluate the performance of the applied techniques. The results obtained show the feasibility of the ANFIS and ANN evaporation modeling from the available climatic parameters, especially when limited climatic parameters are used.

Keywords: cross-station application; evaluation; station modeling; testing; training

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